What is hemp?

Hemp is one of the many Cannabis varieties. It specifically is a variety of Cannabis sativa L which contain 0.3% THC content or less. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the primary component in cannabis that causes psychoactive effects, intoxication. Since hemp contains only 0.3% THC content it is classified as a non-intoxicating variety of Cannabis. The use of hemp dates back to over 10,000 years, with it being used as a textile fiber in ancient Mesopotamia. It has since been used in different industries such as paper, food, and body care. 

How do you identify a hemp plant?

It isn’t difficult to identify a hemp plant once you know how it differs from other cannabis plants. Cannabis sativa L which is also known as a hemp plant is high in grain and fiber and usually long. The plant is canelike and is slender and long with hollow stalks except for at the base and tip. The leaves of the plant are palmate shaped and you may find small greenish-yellow flowers on the plant. The flowers are key in identifying hemp plants.

To determine whether a hemp plant is male or female, you need to examine its nodes. The nodes of the plant are the joints where the branches offshoot from the main stem. If you notice small sacs then it is a male hemp plant. If the plant has two bracts, which end up producing hair-like stigma, the plant is female. 

What is hemp used for?

Hemp has been used in numerous industries since it was first cultivated. You can find hemp being used in different forms within products. Hemp nut is found in granola/cereal, protein powder, bread, and even dairy products. Hemp oil is used in fuel, ink, lubricant, paint, varnish, dressings, body and cosmetic products. Hemp stalk is used in paper products, filters, cardboard, and biofuel/ethanol. While the bestbast fiber of hemp is used in clothes, bags, shoes, carpets, canvas, and ropes. 

The hemp industry continues to grow as hemp is being utilized in more products. Hemp is a reliable raw material that is useful in many industries. 

What is hemp oil?

There are two classifications of hemp oil, hemp oil extract and hemp seed oil. The hemp oil extract is extracted from the seed and/or stalk of the hemp plant and contains phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are molecules in the Cannabis plant, CBD is a popular type of phytocannabinoid. Hemp oil extract contains different phytocannabinoids including flavonoids and terpenes.  

Hemp seed oil is derived from just the seed through the cold-pressing process. The oil is unrefined, green in color, and has a nutty flavor. Since the oil is extracted from hemp seed it typically has a low content of THC, more often than not 0%. The oil is widely used in skincare and has been linked to providing users with better skin. This is due to the oil-containing moisturizing qualities as well as nourishing vitamins for the skin. The oil also has anti-inflammatory properties and doesn’t clog the pores.

What is full-spectrum hemp oil?

Full-spectrum hemp oil is when oil is extracted from the hemp plant. The oil extracted contains the same compounds and cannabinoids that are present in the plant. Full-spectrum hemp oil contains numerous essential vitamins and minerals, protein, fiber, chlorophyll, fatty acids, terpenes, and flavonoids. 

Full-spectrum hemp oil is considered to have therapeutic benefits. The content of the oil also has an “entourage effect.” The vitamins and minerals, protein, fiber, chlorophyll, fatty acids, and cannabinoids work in harmony to magnify the therapeutic properties of the oil. It is most commonly used to provide pain relief.

How is hemp oil used?

Hemp oil is utilized for industrial and personal use. In industrial use, hemp oil can be found in paints, fuel, lubricants, and plastics. In personal use, the oil is typically found in body care products such as shampoos, detergent, soaps, and creams. Most body care products that use hemp oil are topical. You don’t come across many beauty products that you can ingest that contain hemp oil. 

The use of hemp oil as an ingredient in beauty products continues to grow due to it containing vitamins and fatty acids that leave the skin healthy. The fatty acids within the oil nourish the skin in doing so, it protects it from oxidation, inflammation, and other factors that age the skin. The oil has also been linked to treating skin with issues such as eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis. 

What is the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil?

To make it easier to remember the difference between the two, CBD oil is extracted from all parts of a hemp plant except the seed while hemp oil is extracted from just the seed. The means, CBD oil is extracted from the stems, leaves, stalks, and flowers of a hemp plant. The quality of the CBD oil depends on how it is extracted. There are a few different ways CBD oil is extracted including ethanol and carbon dioxide extraction. 

One of the major differences in content between the two is that CBD can contain THC up to 0.3% while hemp oil doesn’t contain THC. At the same time, hemp oil contains zero cannabinoids. Hemp oil has been an ingredient in beauty products for ages while CBD is relatively new to the industry. You will find that most products that use hemp oil are topical whereas, with CBD oil, you will find most that are ingestible due to its “entourage effect.”

What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Both hemp and marijuana are derived from Cannabis what essentially sets them apart is the THC content in each. As you know hemp contains less than 0.3% THC whereas marijuana contains more. So any plant that contains more than 0.3% THC would legally be considered marijuana and not hemp. Since marijuana contains a higher level of THC, the plant can lead to intoxication and psychoactivity. While the chemical makeup of hemp will not get you high. 

The two plants also differ in appearance. Marijuana plants don’t necessarily have flowers sprouting like hemp and are generally shorter and bushier. 

Why was hemp made illegal in 1937?

Hemp was made illegal by the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937. The act restricted both the sale and cultivation of cannabis varieties of all kinds due to curbing the use of the drug. However, before 1937 there were millions of acres of land used to cultivate hemp in the U.S. The act made hemp illegal throughout the country but states had been regulating the use of cannabis before this as early as 1911 in Massachusetts. Other states began to follow suit and New York drafted the Towns-Boylan Act in 1914 which regulated all drugs, including cannabis, that was considered to be “habit-forming” by restricting their sale.